Confusion caused by a Google algorithm error in the PLN exchange rate – analysis of a recent case

Publication date: February 26, 2024

On January 1, 2024, there was a sensation in the Polish zloty exchange rate on the currency market in Poland. The popular Google search engine presented data that indicated a significant increase in the value of foreign currencies in relation to the Polish zloty.

Google algorithm error.

The New Year could start very financially for holders of foreign currencies thanks to the current currency rates published by the Google search engine. On Monday, January 1, from 5:30 p.m., Internet users observed a sudden jump in the value of currencies compared to the Polish zloty via the Google search engine. At its highest point, the value of the zloty decreased by over 30%.


Dark place for scams and frauds

Publication date: February 26, 2024

Place where the sun does not shine – Darknet

To write and explain what Darknet Markets are and where we can find them first we need to get familiar with darknet.



Publication date: January 11, 2024

The President of the Polish Office of Competition and Consumer Protection announced the imposition of a fine of over PLN 1.5 million on one of international companies operating in Poland. The company allegedly used the so-called dark patterns, or more precisely, automatically added products to customers’ baskets in online shopping.

Dark Patterns – what are they?


A work generated by AI and copyright – new case law

Publication date: December 20, 2023

With the development of technology, artificial intelligence began to impact almost all areas of our lives, starting from performing tedious simple tasks, it has developed to the point that it is able to create art, including graphics and music. With this progress, new issues and problems arise related to this AI activity. One of the main current problems is the question of who holds the copyright to works created in this way and whether such works are covered by copyright protection at all. Questions arise such as: can artificial intelligence be considered a creator? Do works created by artificial intelligence have copyright? What human contribution is sufficient for copyright protection of a work? Who is the creator of the work and who should have the copyright?

US Court ruling regarding works generated by artificial intelligence


CASP (crypto-asset service providers)

Publication date: December 18, 2023

Legal status of crypto money and cryptocurrency exchanges without financial authorities supervision – Polish and global perspective.

The concept of creating a decentralized electronic payment system was created in the 1990s, but this movement gained momentum during the last financial crisis, which peaked in 2008-2009. Cryptocurrencies are a form of decentralized digital money based on blockchain technology. As an introduction, it is worth mentioning that the first cryptocurrency to enjoy increasing popularity was Bitcoin. The date of its creation and the beginning of the growing popularity of virtual currencies is set at 2009. Even before the appearance of the first Polish cryptocurrency exchanges, there was a Polish currency exchange office operating on the market, allowing the exchange of digital currencies. The first bitcoin exchange was established in 2010, but like many others, it did not stand the test of time.