The Windsor Framework, a new Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland trade relations

Publication date: March 01, 2023

This week, on February 27th 2023, the European Commission and the Government of United Kingdom had reached an agreement. The Windsor Framework, as it is named, is a new way forward for the Protocol on Ireland and Norther Ireland and is aimed to protect the Good Friday Agreement of 10 April 1998, including its subsequent implementation agreements and arrangements, in all its dimensions and in all its strands.

This new way forward rests primarily on new data sharing agreements, arrangements on customs, agri-food, medicines, VAT and excise, State aid / subsidy control, as well as specific instruments designed to ensure that the voices of the people of Northern Ireland are better heard on specific issues particularly relevant to the communities there. This new way forward differentiates between goods that are at risk of moving to the EU Single Market, and goods that are destined for final consumption in Northern Ireland. Building upon this distinction, the new way forward sets up two ways for goods to move from Great Britain to Northern Ireland. From this perspective, goods at risk of entering the EU Single Market will remain subject to full EU customs and Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary (SPS) procedures.



Publication date: February 27, 2023

KIELTYKA GLADKOWSKI KG Legal has experience in preparing Affidavits in various fields for the purposes of court proceedings, mostly in cross border cases.

The Affidavit is a written statement that is made under oath. It is made by a party or witness before a person authorized to make such a statement, for example a solicitor, lawyer or court. It can also be prepared by an expert – a lawyer. It is to confirm that, to the best knowledge of the person making the statement, certain facts are true. The Affidavit form is comparable to witness statements, but must include an oath clause. This is a special type of report, which aims to establish facts signed by authorized persons, under the sanction of liability for false testimony, if the untruth was made knowingly, intentionally and concerned a significant issue.


REPowerEU Plan

Publication date: February 23, 2023

On 12th of May of 2022, this new plan drawn up by the European Commission comes in the context of the ongoing war in Ukraine. This conflict has allowed to see the dangerous ties of dependence that had been forged in recent years towards Russian energy resources. To this there must be added the fundamental importance of the climate crisis we are experiencing due to our massive use of fossil fuels. Hence, the European organization has elaborated a short-term and medium-term action plan to put an end to our consumption of fossil resources on the basis of previous energy projects.


Tendencies in venture capital transactions in the US market – overview

Publication date: February 22, 2023

Only in 2021, the value of venture capital investments in the USA amounted to approx. USD 344 billion, almost twice as much as the year before. The year 2022 also looks very interesting, according to PichBook, although the pace slowed down slightly compared to 2021, the value of investments still exceeded the $200 billion mark, making 2022 the second highest year in the history of venture capital investments.

In 2022, companies in the early phase of the venture cycle, supported by business angels, and companies in the seed phase did quite well, despite the fact that the market was struggling with inflation and rising interest rates.


International and Polish market of start-ups specializing in Carbon Emissions Technology

Publication date: February 22, 2023

In view of climate change which becoming pressing matter venture capital implements environmentally positive technological solutions. Especially by supporting start-ups.

Venture capital investment is about private equity financing that is provided by venture capital firms or funds to inter alia start-ups that have been deemed to have high growth potential or which have demonstrated high growth. Venture capital firms or funds invest in start-ups in exchange for equity or an ownership stake.