Machine learning, neural networks and gene therapies in the new approach of the Polish Patent Office

Publication date: December 6, 2023

Polish industrial property law provides for the protection of intangible assets that have industrial applications. One of the possible subjective rights that protect the rights of the owner of intangible property is a patent, which is granted for an invention and gives the exclusive right to use it for profit, professionally and as a subject of legal transactions.


Computer Security Day and one of the biggest ransomware attacks on medical data in Poland –

Publication date: November 30, 2023

Ransomware attacks and their legal consequences: a threat to cybersecurity

Computer Security Day, the international day for raising cybersecurity awareness, falls on November 30, and just a few days ago the largest medical data leak to date occurred in Poland. The victim of this cyberattack was one of the laboratory networks in Poland, which cooperates with many Polish clinics, hospitals and other medical facilities. The company refused to cooperate with cybercriminals, which resulted in the disclosure of medical and personal data of over 50,000 people. Poles. Unfortunately, the group of hackers announced that if the company does not meet their ransom demands, they will publish the full dataset by December 31, 2023. They include information such as names, surnames, Polish National Security Numbers, addresses, dates of orders and examinations, as well as numbers enabling verification in the laboratory systems.


Case study of the e-consultations, online prescriptions for medical cannabis in Poland with home delivery

Publication date: June 13, 2023

analysis of the legality of the online supply chain under Polish pharmaceutical law

In recent years, the growing interest in the medical use of cannabis has opened up new opportunities in the pharmaceutical industry. In Poland, where the sale of cannabis only for the medical purposes is strictly regulated, the introduction of medical cannabis to the market is associated with legal and administrative challenges, and at the same time opens up prospects for new solutions for patients with various diseases. This case study analyses the process of introducing the sale of medical cannabis in Poland and its impact on the online pharmaceutical industry. It also points to the legal problems of the medical cannabis sales system from the perspective of the common phenomenon of the need for Polish patients to order medicine online and teleconsultations.

Market and legal conditions for the product in the online channel

Before 2017, cannabis was illegal in Poland for both medical and non-medical use. However, in 2017, the Polish parliament passed a law that allows the use of medical cannabis under the supervision of a doctor for patients suffering from certain diseases.


Biosimilar medicines – EU and Polish perspective

Publication date: June 06, 2023


Biosimilar medicines, also known as biosimilars, are used in medicine to treat severe and chronic conditions such as cancer, diabetes and autoimmune diseases. Biosimilars – true to their name, they are similar to existing biological reference drugs. They are produced using living organisms or their cells, such as proteins, antibodies and other biological substances. These pharmaceuticals are also produced using biological processes but are not identical to the original reference medicines.

Biosimilars must meet certain criteria to be approved by the relevant regulatory authorities. They must be similar in quality, efficacy and safety to reference medicines. This means that they must have similar biological properties, such as action, mode of action and side effects, to those of the reference drugs.



Publication date: May 18, 2023

Molecular farming is a field of biotechnology that promotes the use of plant crops as biofactories for the production of high-value bioproducts using biotechnology. The term also includes the genetic modification of agricultural products for the production of proteins for commercial and pharmaceutical purposes. The transformation of non-viable crops into efficient biofactories is aimed at an effective solution in the context of a modern bioeconomy and at the same time supporting a sustainable rural development strategy through, among others, the best possible synthesis of plants with drugs.

The term “molecular farming” was coined in 1986, but it took three decades for the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) to approve the first plant-derived therapeutic protein. Carrot cell protein turned out to be a valuable tool in the treatment of a rare genetic disorder, which is Gaucher disease, which causes abnormal breakdown of fats in the human body, and therapeutic protein of plant origin helps restore proper metabolic function (research by the Israeli pharmaceutical company Protalix BioTherapeutics has shown this fact). Plant-derived pharmaceutical products have received a lot of attention in recent years due to the increasing demand for clinical applications in recent years.