Pay-per-view in Polish and European law


Globe on tablet computer at office desktop. Media app icons flying around the globe. There is a warm glow behind the globe.

Pay-per-view in Polish and European law


Polish law do not fully take into consideration the pay-per-view services yet. There is no such term as “pay-per-view” in the Polish law. We should consider “pay-per-view” services as a programme within the meaning of the Broadcasting Law: shall mean a set of moving images with or without sound (audiovisual programme) or a set of sounds (radio programme) constituting, in terms of its content, form, purpose or authorship, an separate item within a programme service developed by the media service provider or a catalogue of programmes made available to the public as part of on-demand audiovisual media service, hereinafter the “catalogue”. This is the result of the implementation of the Directive 2010/13/UE, where the “programme” is defined as: a set of moving images with or without sound constituting an individual item within a schedule or a catalogue established by a media service provider and the form and content of which are comparable to the form and content of television broadcasting. Examples of programmes include feature-length films, sports events, situation comedies, documentaries, children’s programmes and original drama;


XIV Polish Conference on Medical Robots


Zbigniew Religa after a 23 hour heart transplant, watching his patient’s vital signs. Image via National Geographic.

KG Legal will participate in the International “Medical Robots 2016” conference that will be held on 9th-10th December 2016 in Zabrze. The conference is organized by the International Society for Medical Robotics and the Professor Zbigniew Religa Foundation of Cardiac Surgery Development.

The pioneer of the development of cardiac surgery in Poland was professor Zbigniew Religa, who performed the first successful heart transplant in Poland after several failed attempts. To describe how hard it was, because of the outdated equipment and lack of funds we can present you this photograph taken by James Stansfield that shows Religa keeping watch on the vital signs of a patient after a 23 hour heart surgery. The bloody mess, tangled cables and the Religa’s assistant sleeping in the corner – all of these things make this photo so special, that National Geographic chose this as the best picture of 1987 and it is considered as one of the most iconic photos in history.

During the conference a progress of surgery robot Robin Heart project development will be demonstrated. Robin Heart is a Polish surgical robot constructed by scientist from the Professor Zbigniew Religa Foundation of Cardiac Surgery Development.


The information was prepared by Kamil Trzaskoś of KG Legal Polish Law Firm. KG Legal provides specialised legal assistance to IT, Life Science as well as investment processes in Poland and organises networking between Polish and international companies and research centres.

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Visegrad Patent Institute

visegrad-patent-instituteVisegrad Patent Institute

On the 1st July 2016 the Visegrad Patent Institute (VPI) began its activity. It was founded as a result of expanding cooperation between national offices of industry property of members of the Visegrad Group (the Czech Republic, Hungary, the Republic of Poland, the Slovak Republic).

The beginnings

Visegrad Patent Institute is modelled on the Nordic Patent Institute, created in collaboration by Denmark, Iceland and Norway, which operates in a similar way. On 26th February 2015, in Bratislava, the representatives of the founding countries signed an agreement on the Visegrad Patent Institute. Then, after the ratification by all members, International Patent Cooperation Union acting on the basis of Patent Cooperation Treat under World Intellectual Property Office appointed Visegrad Patent Institute as an International Searching Authority (ISA) and International Preliminary Examining Authority (IPEA).


KG LEGAL PARTICIPATES IN online Seminar DEDICATED TO EU Regulation No 1215/2012 and enforcement of judgements

Webinar KG LegalOn 30th November we had an special opportunity to take part in online Seminar organized by APIS Europe. Two speakers – prof. Dr. Nikolay Natov from Sofia University and Hristo Konstantinov, deputy managing Director of APIS Europe JSC discussed important matters regarding revised regime of jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters in the light of new EU Regulation No 1215/2012 and presented two modern solutions : EuroCases and Link Detector.


Springer publishes legal translation prepared by KG Legal Founding Partner

 springer springer-2springer-svgMałgorzata Kiełtyka, KG LEGAL’s Founding Partner and Head of English Desk has been involved in a project concerning the translation of a publication created by PhD Andrzej Grabowski,  assistant professor from the Department of Legal Theory from the Faculty of Law and Administration at the Jagiellonian Uniwersity in Cracow. The book relates to Juristic Concept of the Validity of Statutory Law – a Critique of Contemporary Legal Nonpositivism. Its English version has been published by Springer.