International child abduction to Poland in practice

In case of a child abduction to Poland the first step to be taken is to file an application for the return of the child, under the Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, under the Polish Family Code and Polish Civil Procedure Act.

Such an application is recognized by the competent authorities (courts or administrative bodies) of the country to which the child was abducted or detained. In Poland it will be the court where the child resides with the parent.

KG Legal, Polish law firm specialising in cross border family cases and acting for foreigners before the Polish courts prepared a presentation on child abduction to Poland. You can READ it or you can WATCH it.



Liquidation of a Polish branch of a foreign entrepreneur

Liquidation of a brach can be conducted in two different procedures:

  • procedure on the basis of the provisions of liquidation contained in the Polish Commercial Companies Code,
  • simplified procedure on the basis of the European law.

For more information please watch our You Tube video presentation 

or you can read it HERE


Notional shares in the Polish system as a method of remuneration of employees

New systems of rewarding, motivating and building employee loyalty are raising the general interest of entrepreneurs in Poland. One of such instruments is the notional share that is gaining popularity in the Polish market. Its essence and application possibilities are discussed by Pawel Dyrduł, lawyer from law office KG Legal Kiełtyka Gładkowski Professional Partnership with its registered office in Krakow

Expenses associated with running a business

Running a business involves the expenses, most commonly in the form of employee salaries. Bearing in mind the increase of these costs and also increase in tax rates, entrepreneurs are undertaking various actions aimed at reducing costs. In short, entrepreneurs are looking for savings in remuneration. However, fearing the loss of qualified staff or a decrease in the efficiency of their work, management boards of companies do not decide to lower wages. What comes with the help to reach their purpose – namely to keep the employees attached – is a financial instrument called notional share.


Letter of credit as a form of security for payments in international transactions

Bearing in mind the universality of international transactions and the risks that entrepreneurs face, the letter should pay attention to risk-reducing methods offered by banks. Paweł Dyrduł, associate lawyer from the law firm KG Legal Kiełtyka Gładkowski Professional Partnership based in Krakow, discusses the instrument of the letter of credit as a form of payment as well as the form of limiting the risk involved with transactions.

The essence of international trade

Progressive globalization has imposed on domestic companies – even on local ones – relationships with other international companies. Examples of such a connection, which may be either direct or indirect, include: competition with foreign entities, adaptation of manufactured products to international standards, the use of developed and implemented technological and management solutions.

An international commercial transaction is a transaction involving a cross-border element, so it comes down to transactions between entities based in different countries. Foreign trade can be considered in two perspectives: narrow and broad. In the narrow sense, the subject of foreign trade is material goods. Broad sense includes, for example, current and assets and credit turnovers, purchase of goods and intangible services.


Enforcement of a debt in small claims procedure in Poland (Regulation (EC) No 861/2007)

KG Legal enforces a debt for a very regonised Austrian financial institution, regarding arrears in payments from a Polish entity. KG Legal has chosen European small claims procedure (ESCP) as the most suitable way of enforcement in this case. This procedure is foreseen in Regulation (EC) No 861/2007, which could be found here. The value of the claim in ESCP cannot exceed €2000. According to Article 27b of  the Polish Act of 28 July 2005 on Court Costs in Civil Cases, court fee in a case examined in ESCP is fixed and amounts to 100 PLN.