On 1st July 2021 in Polish jurisdiction a revolutionary change has taken place. Namely, there has been amended an Act on the National Court Register (Journal of laws of 2021, item 112 as amended). The amendment is about an introduction of an electronic registration procedure. Especially the form of filing applications for the entry in the Register of Entrepreneurs of the National Court Register will be changed. The amendment mainly concerns the registration issue of the limited liability company and the partnerships.
The National Court Register Act amendment is caused by a necessity to implement the European Parliament directives and the EU’s Council directives on some of the company law aspects (2017/1132 EU; 2012/17/ EU, etc.). The issue of the adaptation to the European Union law can be found in the first article (art.1) of the Amendment Act of the National Court Registration Act.
“Art. 1 point 1
In the Act of 20 August 1997 on the National Court Register (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 700, 1089 and 1133) is amended as follows:
1) the following section 3 shall be added to Article 1:
(3) The register shall form part of the system of interconnection of registers referred to in 22 of Directive (EU) 2017/1132 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2017 on certain aspects of company law (Official Journal of the EU L169 of 30.06.2017, pp. 46-127), hereinafter referred to as the ‘system of interconnection of registers.”
In the Amendment Act we can read inter alia on the new competences of the Minister of Justice, Central Information Organ, the rules of the new electronic procedure in the National Court Register with its exceptions and the entire procedure of registration.
The legislation path of the first Amendment Act can be found under the following link: https://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm8.nsf/PrzebiegProc.xsp?nr=2067.
The legislation path of some amendments in the previous Act and the Amendment Act can be found under these links: http://orka.sejm.gov.pl/opinie9.nsf/nazwa/45_u/$file/45_u.pdf (an Amendment Act, article 12); https://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm9.nsf/PrzebiegProc.xsp?nr=45 (a legislation path).
The legislation path in the previous Act and the Amendment Act can be found under these links: http://orka.sejm.gov.pl/opinie9.nsf/nazwa/687_u/$file/687_u.pdf (an Amendment’s Amendment Act, article 9); https://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm9.nsf/PrzebiegProc.xsp?nr=687 (a legislation path).
This complicated and overlong time of legislative procedure is caused by the postponement of the entry into force of provisions in successive laws. That’s why the laws about the electronic National Court Register were passed by the Polish Parliament Lower Chamber Sejm in 2018 and did not come into force until 1 July 2021.
New interface of the new Court Registration Portal looks as follows:
Photo source: https://prs.ms.gov.pl/
As can be seen, there are basically six icons of the main actions. To use some of them it is necessary to have and account with login and password (for the sections: National Court Register e-forms; Free notification of financial systems; S24- Company registration, other requests).
The wholly new action is the electronic form for the amendment of companies which have been entered in the register by conventional means. As we can read in one of the journals:
“Traditional paper forms for National Court Register applications are now a thing of the past. The new e-forms have been individualized, adapting their elements to the characteristics and specificity of each company. Regular paper forms, which covered all partnerships or capital companies, have been abandoned. It is also worth mentioning that currently the system itself suggests relevant attachments to the e-applications, as well as automatically analyses the e-form and indicates errors such as failing to indicate data that is subject to mandatory disclosure.
All these solutions significantly minimize the risk of making a mistake and, consequently, of returning the application by the court or calling for its supplementation due to errors or formal deficiencies.
Photo source: https://prs.ms.gov.pl/
From the practical law firm’s perspective this new solution from abovementioned amendment speeds up procedures of registration. To give an example, the change of Personal Identification Number (PESEL) or a board member’s surname can be done within a few hours in comparison to the weeks (or even months!) of waiting for proper data change. Under new regulation the whole process lasts as a rule few hours and after that time the decision of the registration in accordance with the application is issued.
An example of court documents in the e-procedure between Polish company with international shareholding structure and the Polish court register:
THE COURT DECISION
CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION
 To see full Act: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails.xsp?id=WDU20210000112, https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/download.xsp/WDU20210000112/U/D20210112Lj.pdf (data access: 4th August, 2021).
 To see more details about the amendment: https://www.gazetaprawna.pl/firma-i-prawo/artykuly/8198353,elektronizacja-postepowania-rejestrowego-zmiana-przepisow-krs.html (data access: 4th August, 2021).
 To see full context: https://www.rp.pl/Sady-i-prokuratura/308039952-Rewolucyjna-nowelizacja-ustawy-o-Krajowym-Rejestrze-Sadowym—problem-z-ochrona-danych-osobowych.html (data access: 4th August, 2021).
 http://orka.sejm.gov.pl/opinie8.nsf/nazwa/2067_u/$file/2067_u.pdf, (data access: 4th August, 2021).
 To see full Act: http://orka.sejm.gov.pl/opinie8.nsf/nazwa/2067_u/$file/2067_u.pdf, (data access: 4th August, 2021).