KIELTYKA GLADKOWSKI takes part in the event organised jointly by the Observer and Coindesk devoted to DeFi Dozen, taking place on March 29.

The speakers will present and discuss the most trendy DeFi companies of 2022.

The speakers will include James Ledbetter, Executive Editor, Observer; Lisa Carmen Wang, Founder, Bad Bitch Empire and advisor to crypto CEOs; Joe Lautzenhiser, Editorial Researcher and Strategist, CoinDesk.

The event is a great opportunity for KIELTYKA GLADKOWSKI to get the insight into most trendy DeFi companies in the market, since decentralised finance remains crucial specialisation for our law firm, with a particular focus on cryptocurrency exchanges, OTC desks and wallet-providers, DeFi traders and Dapp developers, NFT platforms, issuers, and investors, digital asset platforms, institutional investors and publicly traded companies; cryptocurrency hedge fund managers and investors, metaverse businesses, brands, and users.


Foreign individual investors in the prospectus of shares of the e-commerce industry – principles of investing in securities in Poland

On November 17, 2021, group, a leader in the digital recruitment market, operating in Poland, offering services to support the recruitment, retention and development of employees has published a prospectus with a view to conducting an initial public offering of the Company’s shares and their admission to trading on the main market of the Warsaw Stock Exchange. The offer covered up to 22,380,626 existing shares with each share having a nominal value of PLN 5 – representing 32.86% of the share capital. The maximum price has been set at PLN 82 per share.

Book building

Before the sale of shares takes place, the company conducts book-building, which is a key process in determining the share issue price. The book of demand thus involves the collection of non-binding information from potential institutional investors on their interest in acquiring the securities in question. The key stage affecting book building is the acceptance of subscriptions from potential investors, and on the basis of the interest in the offer the company determines the issue price and the final number of shares.

Subscription for shares



On August 24, 2018, the Polish Ministry of Finance published a draft act amending the act on personal income tax, the act on corporate income tax. One of the proposed changes was the introduction of preferential taxation of income from intellectual property rights (the so-called “IP Box” or “Innovation Box” relief).

Innovation Box – IP Box allowances – were introduced to the Polish Personal Income Tax Act (“PIT”) and to the corporate income tax (“CIT”) as a preferential form of taxation (preferential taxation of earned income) for entrepreneurs obtaining income from commercialization of intellectual property rights. Qualified intellectual property rights are obtained after submitting an application to the appropriate body – then it is possible to take advantage of this relief.

IP Box has been implemented in other countries, including: the Netherlands, Great Britain, Ireland, Luxembourg.



The EU has provided EUR 450 million (USD 503 million) for weapons, including air defence systems, anti-tank weapons, ammunition and other military equipment for the Ukrainian Armed Forces. A further EUR 50 million will be provided for fuel, bulletproof vests, helmets and first aid kits.

Since the EU Treaties do not allow the use of the EU budget for military purposes, the Community is introducing an instrument called the “European Peace Fund”, which allows the provision of military aid of up to EUR 5 billion.

The United States is also increasing its supplies and is providing an additional USD 350 million (EUR 313 million) in military aid, including Javelin anti-tank missiles, Stinger anti-aircraft missiles, small arms and ammunition.



Changes in the procedure in the Polish civil and administrative court proceedings under the Acts of May 14, 2020 and May 28, 2021 on the amendment of certain acts in the field of protective measures in connection with the spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Changes in the procedure in the Polish civil and administrative court proceedings under the Acts of May 14, 2020 and May 28, 2021 on the amendment of certain acts in the field of protective measures in connection with the spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus.

The epidemic caused by the Covid-19 virus has significantly introduced changes in the search for safe solutions for people-to-people contact. These changes also affected the courts and the mode of court hearings, in order to ensure the greatest possible safety for the parties to the proceedings and court employees. In this situation, the best way to limit direct contact was the possibility of using electronic communication methods.

Legal basis

Amendment to the Polish Act of March 2, 2020 on special solutions related to the prevention, counteraction and combating of COVID-19, other infectious diseases and the emergencies caused by them, implemented by two acts of May 14, 2020 and May 28, 2021, allowed for the possibility of holding court hearings in Polish courts with using means of distance communication. The change resulting directly from article 15 zzs1 of the Polish Act of 2 March 2020 allowed for the possibility of participating in a remote hearing from a place other than the court, because until now the Polish Code of Civil Procedure allowed for the possibility of conducting a remote hearing, but the persons participating in it had to be present in the court building. Pursuant to article 15zzs1 point 1 of the Polish Act of 2 March 2020, during the period of the epidemic threat or epidemic state announced due to COVID-19 and within one year of the last of them being recalled in cases examined under the provisions of the Polish Code of Civil Procedure, court hearings or open sessions are held with the use of technical devices enabling them to be carried out at a distance with the simultaneous direct transmission of image and sound, except that the people participating in them do not have to be in the court building, unless holding a hearing or a public hearing without the use of the above devices causes excessive health risk to the participants.[1]

Conducting remote hearings- modes of proceedings