Enforcement of foreign judgments in Poland (Regulation no 1215/2012 of the European Parliament)

While enforcing a foreign judgement in civil or commercial disputes in country other than the one where the court is located, there appears the need to apply EU regulations in that case. Legal provisions that are supposed to help in a quick and flawless closing of the case are provided by Regulation no 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and the Council on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters.

That legal act provides for automaticity of recognition of sentences issued by other EU courts. However, annex 1 contains regulations on certificate concerning the judgement. This certificate, issued by the court, should be handed to the defendant and it contains information about the court of origin (name, address, contact data), claimants, defendants and the judgement.

When it comes to the judgement, its summary should include the date of judgement, its reference number, the information whether it is enforceable in other member states without any further conditions, the terms of the judgement, the principal amount enforced and the interest, together with short description of the subject-matter of the case and the decision about the awarded sum (principal amount, possible instalments, currency, rate or amount of interest, decision about the costs of proceedings). After the judgment and the certificate are provided, there can take place the enforcement of the judgment by the bailiff in Poland.